The term EHS (Environment, Health, and Safety) is used in the industrial sector to refer to the policies, programs, and practices carried out by companies to ensure that their operations are safe and environmentally friendly.
It focuses on the identification, evaluation, and control of environmental, health, and safety risks associated with the company’s activities. This includes hazardous waste management, prevention of occupational accidents, protection of worker health, and promotion of sustainability in production and resource usage.
EHS management systems are essential to ensure the safety and sustainability of a company.
The development and implementation of an EHS system offer multiple advantages:
The absence of an environmental safety management system can have severe consequences for a company:
The key components of an EHS management program may vary depending on the company and its industry, but generally include the following elements:
EHS risk assessment is an ongoing process that should be conducted regularly to ensure the safety and health of workers and minimize the environmental impact of company activities.
This process typically involves the following steps:
The planning and execution of preventive and corrective measures in EHS is a critical process in managing environmental, health, and safety in the company. This process is carried out after the risk assessment and aims to prevent or control identified risks and address any arising issues.
The following steps are involved:
Training and education of workers in EHS are essential for employees to be aware of the risks associated with their work and know how to prevent and control those risks.
Here are some key aspects of training and education for workers in EHS:
There are various regulations and regulations that establish requirements and guidelines for EHS management in the industry.
This international standard sets the requirements for an Environmental Management System (EMS) in a company. The standard focuses on the identification and control of environmental impacts from the company’s activities, products, and services.
This international standard sets the requirements for an Occupational Health and Safety Management System (OHSMS) in a company. The standard focuses on the prevention of workplace injuries and illnesses and the promotion of a safe and healthy work environment.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration of the United States (OSHA) establishes standards and regulations for occupational safety and health in workplaces. The standards cover a wide range of topics, including protection against electrical hazards, exposure to hazardous substances, fall prevention, and machinery and equipment safety.
The European Union’s Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) Regulation establishes rules for the management of chemicals in the industry. The regulation focuses on the identification and control of risks associated with chemicals used in the company’s products and processes.
The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Mexico establishes standards and regulations for environmental protection in the industry. The standards cover topics such as hazardous waste management, water and air protection, and pollution prevention.
Non-compliance with EHS management regulations and standards in the industry can have serious consequences for companies.
Here are some common sanctions and consequences: